1083 Rangeview Road
Mississauga • ON • L5E 1H2
Phone: 905-278-KAMP (5267)
Toll Free: 1-855-225-PAWS (7297)
Fax: 905-278-5268

Recommended Dog Vaccinations

Distemper, Adenovirus, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus, Corona virus, Bordetella, Lyme Disease, Giardia, and Rabies

Vaccinations are imperative to the health of your dog. I've outlined different dog vaccinations and puppy vaccinations that might be recommended by your veterinarian.

Vaccinations are what keep your dog from getting sick; your veterinarian will let you know when they are due and what vaccinations are recommended for your dog. Also, puppies will require vaccinations that may not be recommended for senior dogs.

Puppies: Puppies require a series of DHLPPC vaccinations. The vaccinations usually start between 6 and 8 weeks of age and need a booster every 3-4 weeks until they reach 16 weeks of age. At that time the puppy is old enough for a rabies vaccination and the immunizations are then recommended annually.

Why boosters? Lets go back to biology class - remember the bell curve? While puppies are nursing they receive immunity from mom, assuming she is vaccinated, when the puppies are weaned the immunity starts to decline. We want to vaccinate at just the right time to give the puppies the proper immunity. Since we don't know exactly when that is, we give a booster series.

Senior Dogs: Seniors are not as susceptible to parvo and distemper, so some veterinarians have started to recommend this vaccination every other year. Your senior pet should still see its doctor every year for annual check ups. The concern for seniors starts to change from contracting a life threatening illness like distemper or parvo to life threatening illnesses such as kidney disease or cancer. It seems there is always something to worry about.

DHLPPC or DA2PP: This is a combo vaccination that covers numerous diseases with one injection. What do all those letters stand for?

D = Distemper: Distemper is a nasty virus that is highly contagious, occurs world wide, and at one time was the leading cause of death in puppies. Young puppies are more susceptible to the virus then adult dogs. You may see signs of an upper respiratory infection with a high fever, the dog may also have neurological signs. This disease is often fatal.

H = Hepatitis or Adenovirus-2: This is spread by contact with the urine and feces of infected animals. The virus causes liver and kidney damage, animals that survive may have chronic illness. Symptoms include but are not limited to: fever, lethargy, anorexia, abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea.

L = Leptospirosis: This disease affects the liver and kidneys and is deadly. Animals with this disease are contagious to other animals and humans. A positive dog should be isolated and the caregiver should wear protective clothing and gloves. The disease is spread through contact with urine of infected animals. Dogs with leptospirosis may show signs of lethargy, dehydration, jaundice, and fever.

P = Parainfluenza: This is a virus that causes an upper respiratory infection. Dogs usually contract the disease through contact with nasal secretions of infected dogs.

P = Parvovirus: This virus attacks the intestinal tract and causes severe vomiting and diarrhea. Parvo is highly contagious, dogs contract the virus through contact with an infected animals stools. Without treatment dogs become dehydrated and weak and often die. This virus is very common and puppies who are not properly vaccinated are often afflicted. Rottweilers and Doberman Pinschers seem to be at greater risk for parvo.

C = Corona virus: This virus attacks the intestinal system similar to parvovirus. Infected dogs suffer from vomiting and diarrhea and dehydration. Keep your pet vaccinated and your yard clean to protect your pet.

Bordatella: This is an upper respiratory infection also known as kennel cough. This infection is usually not fatal but is a pain to get rid of. The infection can spread quickly through boarding and grooming facilities and any place dogs congregate. The vaccination can be in the form of a nasal spray or injection. The injection form will need a booster in one month. Your veterinarian can help you decide if this vaccination is necessary for your dog but it is required for them to stay or play at Kamp K-9.

Lyme Disease: This is a tick borne illness. If you live in a wooded area and have a large number of positive Lyme disease cases in your area you should consider this vaccine for your dogs. The deer tick must stay attached to your dog for one to two days in order to transmit the illness, so checking your dog daily for ticks will help prevent Lyme disease, also use a good tick preventative like Frontline and Preventic Tick Collars. Symptoms include but are not limited to: fever, swollen lymph nodes, and loss of appetite. Talk to your veterinarian if you think your dog should be vaccinated against Lyme disease.

Giardia: Giardia is a parasite that lives in the intestines and can be passed into the environment through the stools of infected animals. Dogs become infected with giardia by drinking contaminated water. Humans can also be infected. At risk dogs would be those who live primarily outdoors, hunting dogs, or dogs who may come in contact with ponds or creeks. If you feel your pet is at risk then talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating against giardia. This vaccine needs boosted 3 weeks after the initial dose then given annually.

Rabies: Rabies is a virus that affects the nervous system and is always fatal. There is no known cure for rabies, to confirm a case the brain tissue must be examined. In the United States raccoons, skunks, bats, foxes, and coyotes are the main wild animal hosts for the illness. Symptoms generally include behavior change, difficulty swallowing, hypersalivation, depression - stupor, and hind limp paralysis.

The disease is spread through the saliva of infected animals and can be transmitted through a bite or an open wound. Vaccinated pets who are exposed to rabies should be re-vaccinated and observed for 90 days, un-vaccinated pets exposed to rabies should be euthanized or kept isolated for 6 months. Keep all pets current on their rabies vaccinations - this will protect humans and animals. Apr 2, 2006 - Charla Dawson

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